The term sustainable development was created in Our Common Future. Sustainable development is a form of development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The key element of the definition is the unity of environment and development. The Brundtland Commission insisted that the environment was something beyond physical, going beyond that traditional school of thought to include social and political environment and circumstances. It also emphasized that development includes not only how poor countries can alleviate their situation, but also what the whole world including developed countries involved in it. The word sustainable development was made on paper in our common future,that was published by Brundtland Commission.
The two main concepts of sustainable development are: the concept of “needs'' in particular the essential needs of the world’s poorest people, to which they should be given overriding priority; and the idea of limitations which is imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment’s ability to meet both future and present needs. When the rate of extraction of resources exceeds its rate of regeneration, the environment fails to perform its day to day activities. Improvement of lifestyle and well being with the preserving natural resources and ecosystem is understood sustainable development.
Improving energy efficiency, saving forests, adopting water resources, stabilizing world population, managing coastal zones, and ocean fisheries safeguarding biodiversity. The UN General assembly convened a conference on the “human environment” at Stockholm in June 1972, which came out with guideline principles on the “human environment”. It emphasized that man has the fundamental right to an environment of quality and also that he has a responsibility towards protecting the environment for present and future generations.
After twenty years of Stockholm Declaration on “Environment and Development” was held at Rio de Janeiro in 1992 that adopted an action plan, popularly known as “Agenda 21” the agenda 21 promises to reduce poverty, provide clean water and health care, and protect the natural resources and so on. Also to be noted that some of the Millennium Development Goals are working to ensure environmental sustainability and reduction of the percentage of the population in extreme poverty. The ultimate aim is to reduce poverty and to increase equity. A situation where all humans obtain all basic human needs, doing more services, products using fewer resources. Promotion economic stability to all nations, global environmental problems are tackled. Preservation of natural resources.
The Indian government is doing what is taken to prove its eco-friendly responsibility by taking sustainability initiatives and increasing awareness about the same amongst the masses. India is one of the countries to curb pollution and promote sustainability. One of the initiatives in this direction was hosting the world environment day on June 5. In India among the sustainability by the government are “Swachh Bharat Mission”, “New mass movement against plastic use” and “Save And Educate The Girl Child”, The government of India is putting up policies in place to promote sustainable development to truly engage the Indian public, therefore, the Indian government has put up a sophisticated and multidimensional campaign, seeking to portray sustainable living in a favorable light.
This modernized world must always consider the carrying capacity of the environment. Ozone layer depletion and global warming are severe problems resulting from environmental degradation. Like Gandhi said, “Men have enough for his needs, but not for his greed in our mother nature”. Sustainable Development allows the following generation of individuals to possess access to a quality life. Second is that it makes life meaningful and price living for us. Imagine if we will reduce the number of greenhouse gases in the air, this can lessen the effect on the ozone layer or ozonosphere and also the resulting climatic disasters. Maybe then we’ll need to face reduced heat globally.
With sustainable development, we are able to feed a hungry world; we will sustain and save quality aquatic flora and fauna life. Sustainable development also teaches us to be accountable to society. Don't throw plastics within the ocean, don't burn openly, don't throw wastes in drainage, don't waste food. All this implies we're taking charge of our lives. And within the end, it’s all to our benefit. Sustainable development also helps us cut down costs and reduce waste. You don't buy what you don't need. You don't order for an amount of food you can't exhaust. We wouldn't waste so much as 40% of our farm produce because we will be interested in ways to reduce this. will spend less and generate less waste. Even our waste won't be wasted at a point.